An Interface Stabilized Perovskite Solar Cell with High Stabilized Efficiency and Low Voltage Loss
Jason Yoo a, Sarah Wieghold a, Melany Sponseller a, Matthew Chua a, Sophie Bertram a, Noor Titan Putri Hartono a, Jason Tresback a, Eric Hansen a, Juan-Pablo Correa-Baena a, Vladimir Bulović a, Tonio Buonassisi a, SeongSik Shin c, Moungi Bawendi a
a Massachusetts Institute of Technology - USA, Cambridge, United States
b Harvard University, 12 Oxford Street, Cambridge, 0, United States
c Korea Research Institute of Chemical Technology (KRICT), 141 Gajeongro, Yuseong, Daejeon, 305, Korea, Republic of
nanoGe Fall Meeting
Proceedings of nanoGe Fall Meeting19 (NGFM19)
#PERInt19. Interplay of composition, structure and electronic properties in halide-perovskites
Berlin, Germany, 2019 November 3rd - 8th
Organizer: Pablo P. Boix
Poster, Jason Yoo, 399
Publication date: 18th July 2019

Stabilization of the crystal phase of inorganic/organic lead halide perovskites is critical for their high performance optoelectronic devices. However, due to the highly ionic nature of perovskite crystals, even phase stabilized polycrystalline perovskites can undergo undesirable phase transitions when exposed to a destabilizing environment. While various surface passivating agents have been developed to improve the device performance of perovskite solar cells, conventional deposition methods using a protic polar solvent, mainly isopropyl alcohol, results in a destabilization of the underlying perovskite layer and an undesirable degradation of device properties. We demonstrate the hidden role of IPA in surface treatments and develop a strategy in which the passivating agent is deposited without destabilizing the high quality perovskite underlayer. This strategy maximizes and stabilizes device performance by suppressing the formation of the perovskite δ-phase and amorphous phase during surface treatment, which is observed using conventional methods. Our strategy also effectively passivates surface and grain boundary defects, minimizing non-radiative recombination sites, and preventing carrier quenching at the perovskite interface. This results in an open-circuit-voltage loss of only ~340 mV, a champion device with a power conversion efficiency of 23.4% from a reverse current-voltage scan, a device with a record certified stabilized PCE of 22.6%, and enhanced operational stability. In addition, our perovskite solar cell exhibits an electroluminescence external quantum efficiency up to 8.9%.

J. J. Y. was funded by the Institute for Soldier Nanotechnology (ISN) grant W911NF-13-D-0001 and by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) grant NNX16AM70H. S. N. B. was funded by the Department of Energy (DOE), Office of Basic Energy Sciences, Division of Materials Sciences and Engineering (Award Number DE-FG02-07ER46454) and through a National Science Foundation Graduate Fellowship. E. C. H. was funded through a National Defense Science and Engineering Graduate Fellowship. M. C. S. was funded by the Tata Trusts. M. R. C. was funded by the Agency for Science Technology and Research, Singapore. S. S. S., S. W., N. T. P. H., J.-P. C.-B., and T. B. were funded by NSF grant CBET-1605495, a TOTAL research grant, a U.S. Department of Energy Postdoctoral Research Award, and Skoltech 1913/R. Parts of this study were performed at the Harvard University Center for Nanoscale Systems (CNS), a member of the National Nanotechnology Coordinated Infrastructure Network (NNCI), which is supported by the National Science Foundation under NSF award no. 1541959.

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