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Program
 
Tue Jun 02 2020
13:00 - 13:05
nanoGe Presentation
13:05 - 13:15
Prof Troshin Presentation
Online Meetup - UTC Time
Chair: Pavel Troshin
13:15 - 13:30
Time-I1
Milić, Jovana V.
Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne (EPFL), Switzerland
A Supramolecular Approach to the Stability of Hybrid Perovskites
Milić, Jovana V.
Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne (EPFL), Switzerland, CH

Dr. Jovana V. Milić obtained her PhD in the Department of Chemistry and Applied Biosciences at ETH Zurich in July 2017 with Prof. François Diederich. Her research interests encompass (supra)molecular engineering of bioinspired organic materials with the aim of developing functional nanotechnologies. Since October 2017, she works as a scientist with Prof. Michael Graetzel in the Laboratory for Photonics and Interfaces at EPFL in Switzerland on the development of novel photovoltaic materials, with the current focus on dye-sensitized and hybrid perovskite solar cells. For more information, refer to Jovana’s LinkedIn profile (linkedin.com/in/jovanavmilic), ORCID 0000-0002-9965-3460, and Twitter (@jovana_v_milic).

Authors
Jovana V. Milić a
Affiliations
a, Laboratory of Photonics and Interfaces, Institute of Chemical Sciences and Engineering, École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL), Switzerland, Station 6, CH-1015 Lausanne, Lausanne, CH
Abstract

Hybrid perovskites have emerged as one of the leading materials in photovoltaics due to remarkable solar-to-electric power conversion efficiencies.[1-2] However, their limited stability under device operation conditions remain challenging.[1-2] In contrast, layered two-dimensional analogs have shown promising stabilities.[3-7] We demonstrate a strategy to provide stabilization without compromising the performance of perovskite solar cells through molecular modulation based on fine-tuning various noncovalent interactions (i.e. supramolecular engineering),[7-10] such as metal coordination,[10] hydrogen[6,9-10] or halogen bonding,[8] and π-interactions,[7] in a manner uniquely assessed by solid-state NMR spectroscopy.[5-6,8-10] As a result, we obtain perovskite solar cells featuring superior performances, accompanied by enhanced operational stabilities.[6-10] Moreover, extending the design into layered perovskite architectures enables further stability enhancements.[3-7] This has been investigated using a combination of techniques complemented by solid-state NMR to unravel the design principles and exemplify the supramolecular approach in advancing hybrid perovskite photovoltaics.

 

Reference:

[1] J. V. Milić et al. Chimia 2019, 73, 317; [2] M. Graetzel et al. Substantia 2019, 3, 27; [3] Y. Li  et  al.  Nano Lett. 2019, 19, 150; [4] J. V. Milić et al. Adv. Energy Mater. 2019, 1900284; [5] L. Hong, et al. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2020, doi:10.1002/anie201912051; [6] A. Q. Alanazi, et al. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2019, 141, 17659; [7] Y. Liu et al. Sci. Adv. 2019, 5, eaaw2543; [8] M. A. Ruiz-Preciado et al. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2020, doi:10.1021/jacs.9b13701;

[9] M. M. Tavakoli et al. Energy Environ. Sci. 2018, 11, 3310; [10] D. Bi et al. Nat. Commun. 2018, 9, 4482.

 

13:30 - 13:45
Time-I2
Juarez-Perez, Emilio J.
ARAID Foundation
What does the HCN decomposition gas release tell us about the stability of formamidinium based perovskite?
Juarez-Perez, Emilio J.
ARAID Foundation, ES
Authors
Emilio J. Juarez-Perez a, b, c
Affiliations
a, ARAID Foundation, Zaragoza, ES
b, Institute of Nanoscience of Aragon (INA) and Department of Chemical Engineering and Environmental Technology, University of Zaragoza., C/ Mariano Esquillor, s/n. Ed I+D. Campus Río Ebro, 50018, Zaragoza., ES
c, Aragón Materials Science Institute(ICMA), CSIC - University of Zaragoza, ES
Abstract

The thermal stability and identification of decomposition products of formamidinium organic based precursors and hybrid perovskite materials have been investigated under inert atmosphere at constant heating rate and pulsed heating steps under illumination/dark conditions.[1] As in the previous case studied for methylammonium based precursors and perovskites, the thermogravimetry technique coupled to quadrupole mass spectrometry allows to draw interesting insights about the thermal stability of these hybrid perovskite materials allowing forecasts towards their operational stability working as light harvester material in photovoltaic devices.
In this talk, we compare and review the different results obtained in four recent articles in the topic  of decomposition products determination for formamidinium based perovskite paying special attention to the HCN release. We will discuss general tenets and beliefs misleading on the topic of stability of perovskite materials and finally, we will propose an operational stability test for perovskite solar cells without consensus.

13:45 - 14:00
Time-I3
Antonio, Guerrero
Universitat Jaume I, Institute of Advanced Materials (INAM) - Spain
Understanding degradation of interfaces in lead halide perovskites using electrical techniques
Antonio, Guerrero
Universitat Jaume I, Institute of Advanced Materials (INAM) - Spain, ES

Antonio Guerrero is a materials science chemist currently contracted as a Ramón y Cajal Fellow at the Institute of Advanced Materials (Jaume I University, Spain).  Antonio completed a Ph.D. in Organometallic Chemistry (University of East Anglia, UK) industrially funded by Bayer CA focused on the design of new catalysts for the production of butyl rubber. Subsequently, Antonio worked during 4 years at the company Cambridge Display Technology where he developed some of the state of the art semiconducting materials for Organic Light Emitting Diodes (OLEDs). In 2010 Antonio Guerrero joined the group of Prof. Juan Bisquert at the University Jaume I where he learnt the insights of impedance spectroscopy to understand the operation mechanism of several electronic devices. Over the last few years, his work has been focused in three different lines of research: 1-Perovskite Materials for photovoltaic applications, 2-Organic Photovoltaics and 3- Photoelectrochemical Cells.

Authors
Guerrero Antonio a
Affiliations
a, Universitat Jaume I, Institute of Advanced Materials (INAM) - Spain, Avinguda de Vicent Sos Baynat, Castelló de la Plana, ES
Abstract

Lead halide perovskites are mixed electronic and ionic semiconductors and whilst the electronic properties have been characterized early on in this emerging photovoltaic field the actual role of migrating ions is still remains under debate.1, 2 Chemical and physical interactions at external interfaces of perovskite with the contacts is believed to be one of the main limiting factor affecting solar cell performance and stability. The precise nature of these interactions have remained very elusive due to the difficulties to analyze buried interfaces. For this reason, the connection between iodine migration towards the external contacts, charge extraction and reactivity of ions with the contact materials remains an obscure subject. In this presentation, it is described how migrating ions can totally modify the charge carrier injection/extraction properties of the external contacts by using J-V measurements and Impedance Spectroscopy.3-6 The reversibility of this chemical reaction will depend on the material actually used as contact and may be used to prepare resistive memory devices.7

14:00 - 14:30
Discussion
14:30 - 15:00
Break
15:00 - 16:30
ePoster Session
 
Wed Jun 03 2020
13:00 - 13:05
nanoGe Presentation
13:05 - 13:15
Prof Katz Presentation
Online Meetup - UTC Time
Chair: Eugene Katz
13:15 - 13:30
Time-I1
Madsen, Morten
University of Southern Denmark
Bias-dependent dynamics of degradation and restoration of perovskite solar cells
Madsen, Morten
University of Southern Denmark, DK

Morten Madsen, Professor wsr at the University of Southern Denmark, SDU NanoSYD. His main research focus on electronic and optoelectronic devices based on semiconducting thin-films. Conducted a postdoc fellowship at Prof. Ali Javey lab, UC Berkeley, and started in 2011 the OPV group at SDU NanoSYD. Is also heading the SDU Roll-to-Roll facility that focus on complete up-scaling of organic photovoltaics. Holds around 60 peer-reviewed publications on these topics, including publications in Nature, Nature Energy, Energy & Environ. Sci., Nano Letters, Advanced Materials, etc. Is an editor on the book ‘Devices from Hybrid and Organic Materials’ part of the 'World Scientific Reference of Hybrid Materials' 2019 book series. Coordinator and PI of the FP7 ITN Marie Curie project THINFACE, which stands out as a very successful Marie Curie ITN training network with a high number of peer-reviewed publications per early stage researcher. Committee member of the PhD school board at the TEK faculty, SDU, and currently PI on the EU Interreg 5A project RollFlex, focused on roll-to-roll (R2R) printing of organic solar cells, and on several national research projects (DFF FTP and Villum Foundation).

Authors
Morten Madsen a
Affiliations
a, University of Southern Denmark, Campusvej, 55, Odense, DK
Abstract

Perovskite photovoltaics have received significant attention in recent years owing mostly to rapid improvements of their power conversion efficiency. However, the stability of perovskites is still facing challenges related to multiple irreversible and reversible degradation mechanisms. It results in various types of outdoor day/night performance variations1. This has also recently led to a new ISOS consensus protocol for assessing the stability of perovskite photovoltaics2. In this talk, recent work on bias-dependent dynamics of degradation will be discussed, detailing further the subtle interplay between the reversible and irreversible degradation mechanisms at specific degradation conditions for perovskite photovoltaics.

1. M. Khenkin et. al. Energy Environ. Sci., 11, 739 (2018)
2. M. Khenkin et. al. Nat. Energy, 5, 35 (2020)

13:30 - 13:45
Time-I2
Cheacharoen, Rongrong
Chulalongkorn University
Towards 25-year Lifetime of Perovskite Photovoltaics: Studies and Optimization of Encapsulation
Cheacharoen, Rongrong
Chulalongkorn University, CN
Authors
Rongrong Cheacharoen a
Affiliations
a, Metallurgy and Materials Science Research Institute, Chulalongkorn University, CN
Abstract

Hybrid metal halide perovskites are known to decompose in the presence of heat and moisture. They are also mechanically fragile because of their weak chemical bonds and mismatches in the thermal expansion coefficients between layers. I will present ways to intrinsically improve stability of perovskite solar cells (PSCs). However, intrinsic modification is not sufficient. Therefore, I will then provide my insights on a holistic design of glass-glass encapsulation utilizing commercially available materials to further enhance stability of PSCs. This package design enabled PSCs to pass the IEC standard- damp heat, temperature cycling, and UV-exposure- required prior to real implementation.

13:45 - 14:00
Time-I3
Gagliardi, Alessio
Technische Universitaet Muenchen
Machine-learning Based Screening of Mixed Perovskites
Gagliardi, Alessio
Technische Universitaet Muenchen, DE
Authors
Alessio Gagliardi a, Felix Mayr a
Affiliations
a, Technical University of Munich, Garching b. München, DE
Abstract

Compositional engineering of perovskites enables the precise control of key material properties such as the bandgap [1]. This possibility makes perovskites a promising material for multijunc- tion, “tandem” solar cells, where the combination of two different bandgaps allows to easily break the Shockley-Queisser limit and thus improve efficiency [2]. The remaining challenge is to find structures with the target bandgap which are both stable in the environment as well as non-toxic (i.e. lead-free).

To this end, computer simulations allow rapid screening of a large array of compositions for a given structure and subsequent data modeling. However typical high-troughput calculation fall short in capturing the effect of different geometries in modeling, thus severely constraining the applicability of the result in predicting “new” structures. This becomes especially prob- lematic for large-cell systems, such as for example mixed, lead-free double perovskites, where different compositions might have varying relaxed geometries and sampling the whole feature space becomes infeasible.

Today researcher try to work around this problem by building surrogate models. In our work, we follow the approach outlined initially in the exploration of molecular datasets [3] and subsequently used for inorganic materials research [4]: first we employ a fingerprinting function to create a regular feature vector representation for all structure samples of a training databse and then feed it to a machine learning algorithm together with a target property from ab- initio-calculations for the original structure. Ideally, the resulting model can then use material fingerprints (which could also originate from experimental results) as a proxy for fast property prediction of new materials, sampling vast regions of the whole feature space and, ideally, opening up a way to extract “regions of interest” in feature space, informing high-level theoretical and practical work.

 

Building upon our previous work of introducing a new, general Radial-distribution-function (RDF)-based fingerprint (while still employing the typical Kernel-Ridge-Regression (KRR) ap- proach on machine learning (ML)) [5], we are now exploring the generalizability of this ap- proach on existing perovskite and novel, inhouse-developed, lead-free, mixed-inorganic per- ovskite databases. To this end we are replacing the KRR with neural networks and also com- paring to various other fingerprints (sine matrix, SOAP and more from the dscribe library [6]) as well as simple “structure-informed”, non-general property features (e.g. for an A2B-structure the average of a property on the A-site-atoms).

To tackle the problem that the fingerprint size increases with database complexity (structure size and elemental variation) to the order of N 2 (where N is the number of atoms in the structure) and thus mandates a larger DFT-based training data set, which in turn requires O(N 3)-scaling DFT-calculations, we employ an autoencoder framework, where a specially designed neural network is used to shrink the structure fingerprint into a meaningful intermediate representation. Ideally this representation should include all the information which is (redundantly) stored in the fingerprint and allow to build a good, non-overfitting model with much less data.

Preliminary studies on the hybrid-perovskite dataset published in [7] show the promise of the latter approach. Although the structure of the dataset (molecular center-ions, which are adding a lot of noise and for which properties are not as readily available as for atoms) prevents efficient usage of the PDDF, we see how adding a structural fingerprint improves on the model compared to plainly using basic features of the course-grained hybrid perovskites structure. Further, we can effectively reduce overfitting of the PDDF-model by encoding the fingerprint with an autoencoder.

 

14:00 - 14:30
Discussion
14:30 - 15:00
Break
15:00 - 16:30
ePoster Session
 
Posters
Renjun Guo, Mark V. Khenkin, Georgios Arnaoutakis, Nataliya Samoylova, Jeremy Barbe, Harrison Ka Hin Lee, Wing Chung Tsoi, Eugene A. Katz
Initial Stages of Photo-degradation of MAPbI3 Perovskite: Accelerated Study with Concentrated Sunlight
Sergey Tsarev, Tatiana Dubinina, Sergey Luchkin, Keith Stevenson, Pavel Troshin
Impact of oxide electron transport layer passivation coatings on stability of perovskite solar cells
Marco A. Ruiz-Preciado, Dominik J. Kubiki, Albert Hofstetter, Lucie McGovern, Moritz H. Futscher, Amita Ummadisingu, Renana Gershoni-Poranne, Shaik M. Zakeeruddin, Bruno Ehrler, Lyndon Emsley, Jovana V. Milić, Michael Grätzel
Supramolecular Modulation of Hybrid Perovskite Solar Cells via Bifunctional Halogen Bonding Revealed by Two-Dimensional 19F Solid-State NMR Spectroscopy
Mohamed Elnaggar, Aleksandra G. Boldyreva, Moneim Elshobaki, Sergey A. Tsarev, Yury S. Fedotov, Olga R. Yamilova, Sergey I. Bredikhin, Keith J. Stevenson, Sergey M. Aldoshin, Pavel A. Troshin
Decoupling Contributions of Charge-Transport Interlayers to Light-Induced Degradation of p-i-n Perovskite Solar Cells
Ekaterina Dolzhikova, Sergey Tsarev, Pavel Troshin
Simple interfacial passivation for HTL-free perovskite solar cells with carbon electrodes
Tatiana Dubinina
Phenyl-C61-butyric acid as an interface passivation layer for highly efficient and stable perovskite solar cells
Elizaveta Vaneeva, Sergey Tsarev, Pavel Troshin
Liquid metal melt electrodes for low-cost Perovskite Solar cells
Juanita Hidalgo, Carlo Perini, Ruipeng Li, Shijing Sun, Antonio Abate, Juan-Pablo Correa-Baena
Understanding the effects of moisture and stoichiometry variations on structure in halide perovskite solar cells
Marko Jost, Benjamin Lipovsek, Bostjan Glazar, Steve Albrecht, Marko Topic
Perovskite solar cell operation under real-world conditions
Alexsandra Mikheeva, Marina Tepliakova, Lyubov Frolova, Alexsandra Boldyreva, Aly Elakshar, Artyom Novikov, Sergei Tsarev, Marina Ustinova, Olga Yamilova, Albert Nasibulin, Sergei Aldoshin, Keith Stevenson, Pavel Troshin
Incorporation of vanadium (V) oxide in hybrid hole transport layer enables long-term operational stability of perovskite solar cells
Olga Yamilova, Yuri Fedotov, Sergey Luchkin, Sergey Bredikhin, Lyubov Frolova, Keith Stevenson, Pavel Troshin
Influence of hole transport materials on the electrochemical stability of perovskite solar cells
Artyom V. Novikov, Andrey N. Usoltsev, Sergey A. Adonin, Andrey A. Bardin, Pavel A. Abramov, Maxim N. Sokolov, Keith J. Stevenson, Vladimir P. Fedin, Sergey M. Aldoshin, Pavel A. Troshin
Tellurium complex polyhalides: narrow bandgap photoactive materials for electronics
Alexandra Gordeeva, Mohamed Elnaggar, Alexander Akkuratov, Pavel Troshin
Synthesis of pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole-1,4-dione-based ultra-narrow bandgap conjugated polymer and its study as electron-transport material for perovskite solar cells
Pavel Proshin, Alexander Akkuratov, Sergey Nikitenko, Marina Tepliakova, Pavel Troshin
Novel thiazolothiazole-based donor-acceptor conjugated polymer for organic and hybrid perovskite solar cells
Alexander Akkuratov, Sergey Nikitenko, Marina Tepliakova, Pavel Troshin
Thiazolothiazole-containing Conjugated Polymers For Organic and Perovskite Solar Cells
Marina Ustinova, Filipp Talalaev, Sergey Babenko, Selina Olthof, Denis Anokhin, Sergey Luchkin, Pavel Troshin
Indium (I) Iodide as a Promising Material for Photovoltaics
Sergey Nikitenko, Andrey Kozlov, Alexander Akkuratov, Pavel Troshin
DESIGN OF NOVEL PROMISING (X-DADAD)n POLYMERS FOR SCALABLE ORGANIC SOLAR CELLS PROCESSED BY LAYER-BY-LAYER TECHNIQUE
Marina Tepliakova, Igor Yakushenko, Pavel Troshin
Strength of attraction: pyrene-based hole-transport materials with effective π-π stacking improve efficiency and stability of perovskite solar cells
Maria Mikheeva, Marina Ustinova, Nadezhda Dremova, Pavel Troshin
Exploring Pb2+ Substitution with Ca2+ in CsPbI3 Perovskite
Felix Utama Kosasih, Giorgio Divitini, Caterina Ducati
Understanding Perovskite Devices with Electron Microscopy
Diana Sagdullina, Iliya Kuznetsov, Alexander Akkuratov, Sergey Troyanov, Mohammed Elnaggar, Pavel Troshin
Novel thiophene-benzothiadiazole based small molecules as promising semiconductor materials for photovoltaic applications
Azat Akbulatov, Lyubov Frolova, Nadezhda Dremova, Ivan Zhidkov, Vyacheslav Martynenko, Sergey Tsarev, Sergey Luchkin, Ernst Kurmaev, Sergey Aldoshin, Keith Stevenson, Pavel Troshin
Intrinsic stability challenges in design of absorber materials for lead halide perovskite solar cells
Igor Gorokh, Gennady Shilov, Lyubov Frolova, Sergey Aldoshin, Pavel Troshin
Development of the All-inorganic Perovskite-like Chalcohalide Metal Complexes of Cu, In, and Sb and Investigation of Their Semiconductor and Photovoltaic characteristics
Hans Köbler, Sebastian Neubert, Boštjan Glažar, Marko Jankovec, Marko Topič, Bernd Rech, Antonio Abate
High-throughput Aging System for perovskite solar cells
Silvia Collavini, Michael Saliba, Wolfgang Tress, Konrad Domanski, Shaik M. Zakeeruddin, Anders Hagfeld, Michael Grätze, Juan Luis Delgado
Modified Fullerenes for Perovskite Sollar Cells with Improved Moisture Resistance and Reduced Hysteresis
Lavrenty G. Gutsev, Aleksandra G. Boldyreva, Lyubov A. Frolova, Ivan S. Zhidkov, Ernest Z. Kurmaev, Bala R. Ramachandran, Vladimir G. Petrov, Keith J. Stevenson, Sergei M. Aldoshin, Pavel A. Troshin
Theoretical Studies of Gamma-Induced Self-Healing of MAPbI3: Breaking the Records
Daria Revina, Ilya Kuznetsov, Petr Kuznetsov, Marina Tepliakova, Pavel Troshin
Novel dioxyphenylene-based (X-DADAD) conjugated polymers for application in solar cells
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