Electronic properties of interfaces with hybrid metal halide perovskites: How to obtain reliable insight
Norbert Koch a b
a Institut für Physik, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, 12489 Berlin, Germany
b Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin für Materialien und Energie GmbH, Berlin, 12489 Berlin, Germany
Proceedings of Device Physics Characterization and Interpretation in Perovskite and Organic Materials (DEPERO)
València, Spain, 2023 October 3rd - 5th
Organizers: Sandheep Ravishankar, Juan Bisquert and Evelyne Knapp
Invited Speaker, Norbert Koch, presentation 013
Publication date: 14th September 2023

Metal halide perovskites are semiconductors that exhibit the rich electronic phenomena known from their more established counterparts, such as interface- and dopant-induced band bending, surface states and surface band bending, and surface photovoltage. But they feature even more complexity due to moderate stability under optical excitation in vacuum that can induce surface states, and reversible p-doping by (ambient) oxygen. The simultaneous occurrence of all these phenomena has initially retarded progress towards a comprehensive understanding of their electronic properties, because the most direct experimental method to assess these properties – photoelectron spectroscopy – has been insufficiently adapted to the needs of the perovskites. Now that several important fundamental questions are resolved, such as those discussed here, we can look forward to obtaining deeper insight into even more complex properties and processes of this fascinating material class. In addition, novel interfacial phenomena have been identified, such as photo-induced energy level re-alignment at charge-selective contacts. This necessitates careful photoelectron spectroscopy studies under operando conditions, in order to reliably link interface energetics and solar cell performance.

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