Accurate determination of HOMO energies in conjugated diketopyrrolopyrrole-based polymers for predicting the open-circuit voltage of organic photovoltaic devices
Robin Willems a, Christ Weijtens a, Xander de Vries a, Reinder Coehoorn a, René Janssen a b
a Molecular Materials and Nanosystems, Eindhoven University of Technology, Netherlands, Netherlands
b DIFFER – Dutch Institute for Fundamental Energy Research, the Netherlands, De Zaale, 20, Eindhoven, Netherlands
International Conference on Hybrid and Organic Photovoltaics
Proceedings of International Conference on Hybrid and Organic Photovoltaics (HOPV18)
Benidorm, Spain, 2018 May 28th - 31st
Organizers: Emilio Palomares and Rene Janssen
Poster, Robin Willems, 258
Publication date: 21st February 2018

Diketopyrrolopyrrole (DPP) polymers have extensively been used as electron donor materials in organic solar cells. For a diverse set of 19 DPP based polymers we have determined (i) the highest-occupied molecular orbital (HOMO) energies, derived from the oxidation potential as obtained for thin films from square-wave voltammetry (SWV), and (ii) the ionization potential as obtained from ultraviolet photoelectron spectroscopy (UPS), and from density functional theory (DFT) calculations. The empirical relationship obtained from our combined SWV-UPS study between the oxidation and ionization potential shows a slope for DPP polymers which is significantly lower than reported before for other organic semiconductors, while the intercept is the same as reported before. The HOMO energies, that span a range of −5.4 to −4.5 eV, as derived using SWV are found to show an excellent correlation with the open-circuit voltage of optimized solar cells in which the polymer studied forms a blend with PCBM, with deviations of at most 0.1 eV. A weaker correlation was found with the HOMO energies as obtained from UPS and DFT. Hence, the oxidation potential from SQV is a better empirical predictor for the open-circuit of the solar cell.

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