Impact of a Short-Pulse High-Intense Proton Irradiation on High-Performance Perovskite Solar Cells
Hryhorii Parkhomenko a, Mykhailo Solovan b, Sanjay Sahare b, Andrii Mostovyi a, Damir Aidarkhanov d, Nora Schopp c, Taras Kovaliuk e, Marat Kaikanov a, Annie Ng d, Viktor Brus a
a Department of Physics, School of Sciences and Humanities, Nazarbayev University, Astana 010000, Republic of Kazakhstan
b Faculty of Physics, Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznan 61-614, Poland
c First Solar Inc., 28101 Cedar Park Blvd, Perrysburg, Ohio 43551, United States
d Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, School of Engineering and Digital Sciences, Nazarbayev University, Astana 010000, Republic of Kazakhstan
e Department of Condensed Matter Physics, Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, Charles University, 12116 Prague 2, Czech Republic
Poster, Hryhorii Parkhomenko, 183
Publication date: 6th February 2024

The rapid development of commercial and scientific space programs requires next-generation radiation-resistant photovoltaics. Perovskite solar cells hold great promise for the fabrication of cost-effective and ultralight energy-harvesting devices. They are prominent candidates for space applications as the most lightweight among all inorganic counterparts.

In this study, we studied the radiation resistance of high-performance multi-component perovskite solar cells for the first time under extreme short-pulse proton irradiation conditions. The devices were subjected to high-intensity 170 keV pulsed (150 ns) proton irradiation, with a fluence of up to 1013 p/cm2, corresponding to approximately 30 years of operation at low Earth orbit. We conducted a complex material characterization of the perovskite active layer and device physics analysis of the perovskite solar cells before and after short-pulse proton irradiation. The obtained results indicate that the photovoltaic performance of the solar cells experiences a slight deterioration up to 20 % and 50 % following the low 2·1012 p/cm2 and high 1·1013 p/cm2 proton fluences, respectively, due to increased non-radiative recombination losses. Our findings reveal that multi-component perovskite solar cells are immune even to extreme high-intense short-pulse proton irradiation, which exceeds harsh space conditions, including intense coronal ejection events usually associated with solar flares.

This work is supported by the Collaborative Research Program Grant of Nazarbayev University Grant No. 11022021CRP1505 and the Faculty-Development Competitive Research Program Grant of Nazarbayev University Grant No. 11022021FD2915. A.N acknowledges the Science Committee of the Ministry of Education and Science of the Republic of Kazakhstan (Scientific Research Grant no. AP14869983, AP19576154) and Nazarbayev University (Grant no. 021220CRP0422).

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