Perovskite Nanostructures for X-Ray Imaging Scintillators
Omar F. Mohammed a
a Division of Physical Sciences and Engineering, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), SA, Saudi Arabia
Materials for Sustainable Development Conference (MATSUS)
Proceedings of nanoGe Spring Meeting 2022 (NSM22)
#PerNC22. Colloidal Metal Halide Perovskite Nanocrystals: From Synthesis to Applications
Online, Spain, 2022 March 7th - 11th
Organizers: Maksym Kovalenko, Maryna Bodnarchuk and Osman Bakr
Invited Speaker, Omar F. Mohammed, presentation 062
Publication date: 7th February 2022


The fast rising demand for the ultralow detection limit of ionizing radiation in medical radiography, high-energy physics and security screening, has led to extensive research on X-ray imaging scintillators and detections. However, high-performance scintillators consist mainly of ceramic that needs harsh and costly preparation conditions. Therefore, searching for new scintillation materials is of great interest to material scientists, chemists, and engineers. Organic emitters and perovskites, are excellent candidates as scintillation materials due to their good processability and low-fabrication cost. In this talk, we will present the room-temperature synthesis of a colloidal scintillator comprising CsPbBr3 nanosheets of large concentration (up to 150 mg/mL). We found that the CsPbBr3 colloid exhibits a light yield (∼21000 photons/MeV) higher than that of the commercially available Ce:LuAG single-crystal scintillator (∼18000 photons/MeV). Interestingly, we reveal that the energy transfer process inside those stacked thin and thick nanosheet solids is indeed responsible for their superb scintillation performance. Moreover, we will present a highly efficient energy transfer strategy between the interfaces of these CsPbBr3 perovskite nanosheets and thermally activated delayed fluorescence (TADF) to obtain an efficient and reabsorption-free organic X-ray imaging scintillator with excellent performance. More specifically, the fabricated nanocomposite scintillators exhibit a high X-ray imaging resolution of around 100 μm and a low detection limit of 38.7 nGy/s. This detection limit is about 142 times lower than a typical dose of X-ray medical imaging, making this composite an excellent candidate for X-ray radiography.

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