Correlating Broadband Photoluminescence with Structural Dynamics in Layered Hybrid Halide Perovskites
Alexandra Koegel a, Eve Mozur a, Iain Owsald a, Niina Jalarvo b, Timothy Prisk c, Madhusudan Tyagi c, James Neilson a
a Colorado State University, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, United States
b Oak Ridge National Laboratory
c NIST Center for Neutron Research, National Institute of Standards and Technology, USA, United States
Proceedings of Strain and 2D perovskites Seminar (S2DP)
Online, Spain, 2022 July 11th - 11th
Organizers: Loreta A. Muscarella and Rhiannon Kennard
Invited Speaker, Alexandra Koegel, presentation 001
Publication date: 13th June 2022

The emission of white light from a single material is atypical and is of interest for solid-state lighting applications. Broadband light emission has been observed in some layered perovskite derivatives, A2PbBr4 (A = R-NH3+), and correlates with static structural distortions corresponding to out-of-plane tilting of the lead bromide octahedra. While materials with different organic cations can yield distinct out-of-plane tilts, the underlying origin of the octahedral tilting remains poorly understood. Using high energy resolution (e.g., quasi-elastic) neutron scattering, this contribution details the rotational dynamics of the organic cations in A2PbBr4 materials where A = n-butylammonium (nBA), 1,8-diaminooctammonium (ODA), and 4-aminobutyric acid (GABA). The organic cation dynamics differentiate (nBA)2PbBr4 from (ODA)PbBr4 or (GABA)2PbBr4 in that the larger spatial extent of dynamics of nBA yields a larger effective cation radius. The larger effective volume of the nBA cation in (nBA)2PbBr4 yields a closer to ideal A-site geometry, preventing the out-of-plane tilt and broadband luminescence. In all three compounds, we observe hydrogen dynamics attributed to rotation of the ammonium headgroup and at a time scale faster than the white light photoluminescence studied by time-correlated single photon counting spectroscopy. This supports a previous assignment of the broadband emission as resulting from a single ensemble, such that the emissive excited state experiences many local structures faster than the emissive decay. The findings presented here highlight the role of the organic cation and its dynamics in hybrid organic–inorganic perovskites and white light emission.

The work at Colorado State University was supported by grant DE-SC0016083 funded by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science. J.R.N. and A.A.K. acknowledge support from Research Corporation for Science Advancement through a Cottrell Scholar Award, and J.R.N. thanks the A.P. Sloan Foundation for assistance provided from a Sloan Research Fellowship. A portion of this research used resources at the Center for Neutron Research, operated by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and the Spallation Neutron Source, a DOE Office of Science User Facility operated by the Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Access to the High Flux Backscattering Spectrometer was provided by the Center for High Resolution Neutron Scattering, a partnership between the National Institute of Standards and Technology and the National Science Foundation under Agreement No. DMR-2010 792. The computing resources for the QENS calculations were made available through the ICEMAN project, funded by the Laboratory Directed Research and Development program at Oak Ridge National Laboratory.

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