Upscaling of Tin-based Perovskite Solar Cells from Laboratory to Industry
Felipe A. Vinocour-Pacheco a, Wiktor Zuraw a b, Jesús Sanchez-Diaz c, Iván Mora-Seró c, Senol Öz a d
a Saule Research Institute, Dunska11, Wroclaw 54-427, Poland
b Department of Semiconductor Materials Engineering, Wrocław University of Science and Technology
c Institute of Advanced Materials (INAM), Universitat Jaume I, Avinguda de Vicent Sos Baynat, s/n, Castelló de la Plana, Spain
d Saule Technologies Ltd., Dunska11, Wroclaw 54-427, Poland
Proceedings of Sustainable Metal-halide perovskites for photovoltaics, optoelectronics and photonics (Sus-MHP)
València, Spain, 2022 December 12th - 13th
Organizers: Teresa S. Ripolles and Hui-Seon Kim
Oral, Felipe A. Vinocour-Pacheco, presentation 023
Publication date: 15th November 2022

The interest in lead-free photovoltaics has driven a lot of research opportunities in the past decade, in particular, tin has been recognized as one of the most promising alternatives, exhibiting suitable optoelectronic properties, decreased toxicity, and good device performance with particularly high short-circuit currents. Nonetheless, the development of tin-based perovskites has been primarily hindered because of the ease of oxidation from Sn2+ into Sn4+, which promotes degradation mechanisms and compromises the long-term stability of the material.

Besides this intrinsic challenge, most studies have focused on spin coating as the main deposition method for the absorber layer, which is not compatible with large area manufacturing techniques like roll-to-roll or sheet-to-sheet. In this work, we explore blade coating and inkjet printing as versatile processes well-suited for commercial production; ink engineering of the solvent system and additives was used as a strategy to control the crystallization dynamics and obtain pinhole-free films on flexible substrates. Furthermore, the influence of processing conditions such as the coating speed, drying method, and waveform design on the perovskite morphology was analyzed. The potential industrial applicability of completed devices was tested through stability characterization after lamination and large area module fabrication.

The project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under Grant Agreement No. 862656.

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